How did the British crack Hitler’s encryption machine ‘Enigma’ in World War II


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Topic in Short:

The British reduced the world war II by almost two years and saved approximately 14 million lives by breaking the German encryption machine called Enigma which had 159 million million million possible combinations. The main focus of Turing’s work at Bletchley Park was in cracking the ‘Enigma’ code. The Enigma was an enciphering machine used by the German armed forces to send encrypted war messages. Although Polish mathematicians had figured out how to read Enigma messages and had shared this information with the British, the Germans increased its security by changing the enciphering code every 24 hours. This made Alan Turing and Gordon Welchman realise the fact that only a machine can beat this machine.

Code breakers Alan Turing and Gordon Welchman developed the super human machine known as the BOMBE. Probably the world’s first smart machine. This device helped to significantly reduce the work of the code-breakers. From 1940, German Air Force signals were being read at Bletchley Park and the intelligence gained by the “BOMBE” was playing a crucial part in reducing the war.

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